The process of constructing the efficient structures using the ecologically responsible methods is called the ecological architecture. Everything is taken into account such as the site where it is to be built, the design, the building materials, the energy sources and their efficiency, maintenance and demolition.
The main objective of the eco-friendly architecture is to reduce the negative impact of the buildings on the environmental as well as human health, and it is ideally having a neutral or positive impact on both the factors. You can also more info at cmplus.com.au.
What are the Eco-Architecture Considerations?
The following aspects are consider for a project of the ecological architecture;
- It reduce waste, pollution and the environmental degradation through the process of recycling, efficient technologies and the creation of the closed systems as it uses the wastes for energy generation, for example.
- It improve efficiency in the use of resources, especially water and energy.
- For protecting the health of occupants and the environment through the use of sustainable and non-toxic or less toxic materials, considerations of the effect of construction on human psychology and analysis of the environmental impact of construction on the environment are mainly focused.
The Construction Sites
The following sites are considered for construction;
I – Protection of the Ecological Systems
In non-urban areas, an analysis is made of the effects that construction would have on the natural systems. Usually, it is done in the places which are not delicate such as the parks and fertile land. On the contrary, it seeks to build on the already contaminated sites.
The steps are taken to prevent the damage and the sites where construction can provide an environmental service which are being sought, for example, a university design may include the areas for water detention and/or corridors of the vegetation, so that wildlife can travel between the different natural areas.
II – Construction Position
The sustainable design takes advantage of the natural energies, taking into account the direction of the wind, sun, water currents and the like. For example, a building can be located to maximize the flow of air in the warm season, thus cooling the interior, and the entry of the sun in the cold season.
III – Transportation
Often getting to and from a place is where most energy is spent; therefore, the transport is considered as an intrinsic element of an ecological design. If it is not possible to choose a site near the public transport, it is highly advisable to include some eco-friendly solution as a part of the complete des
A Brief Introduction to the Ecological Architecture – Part 2
Efficiency in the Use of Resources
It is imperative to have the maximum efficiency of the following resources;
1 – Water
The efficient use of water is achieved through the systems to collect and recycle in a natural way the available water, for example rain, as well as reducing the amount of water to be utilized. The water sprinklers, faucets and low consumption baths, combined with the filters and pipes that maximize the times that the same water circulates and is used, can reduce the consumption of water in a substantial manner.
2 – Energy
The low consumption of lights and appliances improve the energy efficiency of the building. The in situ production of solar, wind and/or geothermal energy reduces the dependence on the external sources. Good insulation and proper building location reduce the need to spend energy on lighting as well as climate control.
Healthy Spaces and Materials
They are also an essential part of an ecological architecture.
Whether in the design of a house, institution or community, green architecture commonly employs the curves, modules, branches or other forms that occur in nature, incorporating them according to their function.
Recycled, Renewable and Local Materials
It is sought to use the materials that have the lightest carbon footprint and they include ecologically certified wood, rapidly growing plants such as bamboo or straw, recycled stone and metal, mud and the other recycled materials. Ideally, all of the material should be manufactured locally.
Many of the materials used in the non-organic construction are toxic, or they give off the toxic gases. This contributes to a condition called the ‘sick building syndrome’. The green architecture seeks to improve air quality in buildings through the use of less toxic and non-toxic paints and materials, along with certain adjustments to the ventilation and climate control system.
Reduction of the Waste
The sustainable design includes ways to reduce and/or recycle the waste, ideally by converting it to useful items for the same place. Well-located recycling bins, tanks and water recycling pipes, dry toilets or tanks for biogas production and composting systems are some examples of the methods that are incorporated into a project of the ecological architecture.
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